Kilimanjaro Climbing Preparation


we need to make Kilimanjaro climbing preparation because  mountain Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa free standing mountain in the world.The highest point of the crater of Kibo (Uhuru Peak at 5950 metres) is well above the upper tops of the European Alps and the oxygen pressure is very low.
For the summit to be reached, your body must sufficiently acclimatize itself. It is important to be physically prepared for the Kilimanjaro tours. Another important part of the preparation is having the proper equipment before you depart to Tanzania. See the packing list below for details.

Physical preparation

It is very important that your body is properly prepared for the physical challenge of the Kilimanjaro climb. The better prepared you are, the better you plan to conquer the highest point of Africa. Good preparation will make a significant contribution to your own confidence and your mental strength.

How will you get fit?

The type of condition is more important than the degree of fitness. Kilimanjaro is a stroll, so the best preparation you can have is to walk, preferably under simulated conditions. Although to some extent it helps to go running/jogging, your muscles are still not preparing for seven days of quiet but heavy walking. I suggest that you will regularly walk long distances. Ignore the elevator and take the stairs.

Go walk, for example, in addition to regular fitness to let your muscles develop more. And try to opt for regular walks with altitude, so you can practice walking up and down at different incline levels.
Take a daypack and certainly carry 3 liters of water with you. This way you also simulate the fact that you are climbing the mountain.
If the weather does not allow you to take walks, you can also simulate the walk on the incline level of a gym’s treadmill.

Before starting a physical training program, it’s always wise to get the approval of a doctor (especially if you are over 45 years old). Chances are that you will make him happy with your plans.

Build up more resistance.

A physical training program of eight weeks consists of regular exercises that help you build more resistance, both with free weights or with the equipment at the local gym. Such exercises can be tailored to your age, current fitness and strength. Ask your instructors at the gym how you should work on your resistance before climbing Kilimanjaro preparation 

Packing list

Don’t forget that you will be on a mountain for 7 days and 6 nights. Take enough clothing and especially warm socks. Because of potential rainfall, as well as numerous streams on the route, it is very desirable to have dry clothes in your daypack. Wrap them in plastic, so they certainly will remain dry.

Proper clothing includes thermal underwear (don’t wear cotton directly to the skin because it absorbs your sweat and therefore can reduce your body temperature), gloves (preferably mittens), a cap and rainwear. Wear clothing where the outer mantle is windproof, but it can still breath. Avoid tight clothing. A balaclava (ski mask) is a must, because it will shield your face against the cold, wind, sun and snow. Other clothing such as shorts, jerseys and T-shirts are highly recommended, especially while walking on the lower slopes as daily temperatures are still high.
It might sound a bit strange, but walking with walking poles is by many people known as a very pleasant experience during the climb. Indeed, its power walking. With two poles you can better set off when climbing and lean on them downhill. These walking poles are for rent at the hotel.

Besides these usual supplies for a trip I recommend that you take the following items with you:

Ear plugs or silencers (almost necessary at night)

  • small backpack for day trips (which you will wear) with rain cover
  • large backpack (up to 15 kilograms, the porters prefer duffel bags)
  • camelbak (water bag) with a minimum of 2 liters for content
  • extra thermos bottle for 2 liter (against freezing)
  • extra shoe laces
  • pocket knife
  • sunscreen
  • lip balm
  • head light (with reserve batteries) or flashlight
  • energy food (nuts, raisins, muesli bars, dextroses)
  • cover for your luggage (against moisture or dust)
  • ointment to treat bruises, muscles (tiger balm or belliflorgel)
  • betadine cream and patches or gauzes for emergencies
  • paracetamol
  • swatch / sport tape (hand wide)
  • compeed or second skin, to treat blisters
  • wet wipes or wetties
  • antibacterial/disinfecting hand gel
  • light and watertight mountain shoes (type B) with light profile bottom
  • wide walking pants and short pants
  • two sweaters or fleece jackets
  • thin, light wind jacket and/or rainwear (poncho, suit or cape)/li>
  • T-shirts / blouses (including thin ones with long sleeves to protect against sun burning of arms / neck, preferably polyester
  • headgear against the sun (tropical head or cap) and sun glasses against snow blindness
  • mittens (better than gloves) and wool cap, balaclava or windstopper (neckband)
  • warm sleeping bag (note the comfort zone of the sleeping bag: it can freeze at night on the Kilimanjaro), possible with an extra internal linen bag
  • clothing and footwear for after walking (taking in account both radiant sun as some cooler weather)
  • reserve batteries for your camera and world adapters and/or converters (charging at the hotel)
  • quick dry towel(s)
  • DEET mosquito repellent (min. 40%)
  • binoculars
  • traveling clock with alarm
  • copy of your passport (for registrations during the expedition)
  • a writing or reading book (there isn’t much to to at a camp at night)

Mountain Sickness

Everybody who is not accustomed will at a given time suffer from altitude sickness. It could even be fatal if it’s not treated immediately or when the symptoms are ignored. Certainly 70% of all people who climb Kilimanjaro will suffer from mountain sickness to a certain extent.
Altitude sickness on mountain Kilimanjaro is caused because the body is not adapting fast enough to the reduced level of oxygen in the air at an increased height. There are many different symptoms of altitude sickness, but the most common are: headache, lightheadedness, nausea, decreased appetite, a stinging feeling in the toes and fingers and a slight swelling of ankles and fingers. These mild forms are not serious and will disappear again normally within 48 hours.

The guides are trained to see your level of welfare. If you do not feel well during the Kilimanjaro climb, or you find out that one of the other climbers is unwell, please always inform the guide(s). Sometimes the ‘victims’ might only need some mental support and motivational talk, but medical assistance might be required too. The best treatment for severe altitude sickness is the order to descent.

Malaria is present in Tanzania (!) and you should use the recommended medications. Consult your doctor. Currently, there are various preventative drugs available that are effective against certain Choroquine-resistant malaria mosquitoes that are currently active in Tanzania

Visa requirements

Please note: if you travel to Tanzania you NEED to have a valid passport and a visa for this country.
You can get a visa at arrival in Dar Es Salaam, Kilimanjaro International Airport and at the Kenyan/Tanzania border. This visa will cost you 50 US$ (pay cash). American citizens pay $100. You can also arrange a visa in your own country. Please contact the local embassy or consulate of Tanzania.

If you fly at Nairobi, Kenya, and take the shuttle bus to Tanzania, you need a transit-visa for Kenya too. You can buy this transit-visa at the border of Kenya and Tanzania or at the airport in Nairobi for 50 US$ (cash).


It depends on your own spending habits when determining how much money you should take with you during your stay in Tanzania. Around 20 US$ per day is enough for many people to buy souvenirs, drinks and tip.
In Tanzania we tend not to accept American Dollar bills from before 2001. Make sure you have the new bills.
With a credit card you can pay at the hotel in Moshi and get money from the ATMs in Arusha or  Moshi.
Tanzanian shillings are necessary if you wish to spend money on the streets and in local shops. if you have any question feel free to contact us at